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Sam cooke

We and our partners use cookies to personalize your experience, to show you ads based on your interests, and for measurement and analytics purposes. By using our website and our services, you agree to our use of cookies as described in our Cookie Policy. Sam Cooke was the most important soul singer in history, its primary inventor, and its most popular and beloved performer in both the black and white communities. Equally important, he was among the first black performers and composers to attend to the business side of the music business, founding both a record label and a publishing company as an extension of his careers as a singer and composer. Still, business interests never prevented him from engaging in topical issues, including the struggle over civil rights. The pitch and intensity of that battle followed an arc which paralleled Cooke's emergence as a star; his career bridged gaps between black and white audiences that few had tried to surmount, much less succeeded at doing. Much like Chuck Berry or Little Richard bringin black and white teenagers together, James Brown selling records to white teenagers and black listeners of all ages, and Muddy Waters getting young white folkies and older black transplants from the South onto the same page, Cooke appealed to all of the above, and the parents of those white teenagers as well -- yet he never lost his credibility with his core black audience. In a sense, his appeal anticipated that of the Beatles , in breadth and depth. He was born Sam Cook in Clarksdale, Mississippi, on January 22, , one of eight children of a Baptist minister and his wife. Even as a young boy, he showed an extraordinary voice and frequently sang in the choir in his father's church.
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If Charles represented raw soul , Cooke symbolized sweet soul. To his many celebrated disciples— Smokey Robinson , James Taylor , and Michael Jackson among them—he was an icon of unrivaled stature.
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Who Was Sam Cooke?

He had four brothers and three sisters — Willie, Charles Jr, L. Four years later, he was hand-picked by Roy S. Harris as their lead singer. They had two daughters — Linda and Tracey and a son, Vincent, who died tragically at the age of eighteen months. Sam also became partners in with J. Sometimes even jotting down words while he was talking to you. One time he showed Herb Alpert a song he was working on, and he asked me what I thought of the lyric, and it really seemed trite to me. So I asked him what does the song go like, and he pulled out his guitar and started playing. And all of a sudden this thing that looked so corny on paper just turned into this magical event. In , J.
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Post your picks in the comments! Jump to. Sections of this page. Accessibility Help. Email or Phone Password Forgot account? See more of Sam Cooke on Facebook. Log In. Forgot account? Not Now. Driven, daring and captivating, Sam Cooke was an artist who blended sensuality and spirituality, sop
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Influential as a singer, composer, and producer, [3] he is commonly known as the King of Soul for his distinctive vocals and importance within popular music. Cooke was born Samuel Cook in Clarksdale, Mississippi , in he added the "e" to his last name in to signify a new start to his life. One of his younger brothers, L.

The family moved to Chicago in Sam Cooke began his career with his siblings in a group called the Singing Children when he was six years old. In , Cooke replaced gospel tenor R.

Harris as lead singer of the gospel group the Soul Stirrers , founded by Harris, who had signed with Specialty Records on behalf of the group. Cooke had 30 U. Twistin' the Night Away was one of his biggest selling albums.

He founded both a record label and a publishing company as an extension of his careers as a singer and composer. He also took an active part in the Civil Rights Movement. It was released under the alias "Dale Cook" [24] in order not to alienate his gospel fan base; there was a considerable stigma against gospel singers performing secular music.

However, it fooled no one [9] —Cooke's unique and distinctive vocals were easily recognized. Art Rupe , head of Specialty Records, the label of the Soul Stirrers, gave his blessing for Cooke to record secular music under his real name, but he was unhappy about the type of music Cooke and producer Bumps Blackwell were making.

Rupe expected Cooke's secular music to be similar to that of another Specialty Records artist, Little Richard. When Rupe walked in on a recording session and heard Cooke covering Gershwin , he was quite upset. After an argument between Rupe and Blackwell, Cooke and Blackwell left the label. While gospel was popular, Cooke saw that fans were mostly limited to low-income, rural parts of the country, and sought to branch out.

Cooke later admitted he got an endorsement for a career in pop music from the least likely man, his pastor father. That same year, he signed with Keen Records. Sammy Davis Jr. The event featured the top four prominent disc jockey of Los Angeles. Alexander and his manager, Roy Crain. Cooke then created a publishing imprint and management firm named Kags [30] before leaving Keen to sign with RCA Victor. He was a prolific songwriter and wrote most of the songs he recorded. He also had a hand in overseeing some of the song arrangements.

In spite of releasing mostly singles, he released a well-received blues -inflected LP in , Night Beat , and his most critically acclaimed studio album, Ain't That Good News , which featured five singles, in Klein negotiated a five-year deal three years plus two option years with RCA Victor in which a holding company, Tracey, Ltd, named after Cooke's daughter, owned by Klein and managed by J. Alexander, would produce and own Cooke's recordings.

RCA Victor would get exclusive distribution rights in exchange for 6 percent royalty payments and payments for the recording sessions. Cooke was married twice. In , Cooke married his second wife, Barbara Campbell, in Chicago.

Cooke also fathered at least three other children out of wedlock. In November , Cooke was involved in a car accident en route from St. Louis to Greenville. Answering separate reports of a shooting and a kidnapping at the motel, police found Cooke's corpse. He had sustained a gunshot wound to the chest, which was later determined to have pierced his heart.

Her account was immediately disputed by Cooke's acquaintances. The official police record states that Franklin fatally shot Cooke, who had checked in earlier that evening.

Franklin shouted back that there was no one in her office except herself, but the enraged Cooke did not believe her and forced his way into the office, naked except for one shoe and a sport jacket. He violently grabbed her, demanding again to know the woman's whereabouts. According to Franklin, she grappled with Cooke, the two of them fell to the floor, and she then got up and ran to retrieve a gun.

She said she then fired at Cooke in self-defense because she feared for her life. Cooke was struck once in the torso. According to Franklin, he exclaimed, "Lady, you shot me", in a tone that expressed perplexity instead of anger, before mounting a last charge at her.

She said she beat him over his head with a broomstick before he finally fell, mortally wounded by the gunshot. The motel's owner, Evelyn Carr, [note 1] said that she had been on the telephone with Franklin at the time of the incident. Carr said she overheard Cooke's intrusion and the ensuing conflict and gunshot. She called the police to request that officers go to the motel, telling them she believed a shooting had occurred.

A coroner 's inquest was convened to investigate the incident. The woman who had accompanied Cooke to the motel was identified as Elisa Boyer, who had also called the police that night several minutes before Carr had.

Boyer had called from a telephone booth near the motel. Boyer told the police that she had first met Cooke earlier that night and had spent the evening in his company. She said that after they left a local nightclub together, she had repeatedly requested that he take her home, but he instead took her against her will to the Hacienda Motel. She said that once in one of the motel's rooms, Cooke physically forced her onto the bed, and then stripped her to her panties, at which point she was sure he was going to rape her. Cooke allowed her to use the bathroom, from which she attempted an escape but found that the window was firmly shut.

According to Boyer, she returned to the main room where Cooke continued his groping. When he went to use the bathroom, she quickly grabbed her clothes and ran from the room. She said that in her haste, she had also scooped up most of Cooke's clothing by mistake. She said she ran first to the manager's office and knocked on the door seeking help. However, she said that the manager took too long in responding, so, fearing Cooke would soon be coming after her, she fled from the motel before the manager ever opened the door.

She said she then put her clothing back on, hid Cooke's clothing, went to a telephone booth, and called the police. Boyer's story is the only account of what happened between her and Cooke that night; however, her story has long been called into question.

Inconsistencies between her version of events and details reported by diners at Martoni's Restaurant, where Cooke dined and drank earlier in the evening, suggest that Boyer may have gone willingly to the motel with Cooke, then slipped out of the room with his clothing to rob him, rather than to escape an attempted rape.

The charges were dismissed after it was determined to be a case of entrapment. However, questions about Boyer's role were beyond the scope of the inquest, the purpose of which was only to establish the circumstances of Franklin's role in the shooting.

Boyer's leaving the motel room with almost all of Cooke's clothing, and the fact that tests showed Cooke was inebriated at the time, provided a plausible explanation to the inquest jurors for Cooke's bizarre behavior and state of dress. In addition, because Carr's testimony corroborated Franklin's version of events, and because both Boyer and Franklin later passed polygraph tests, [41] [63] the coroner's jury ultimately accepted Franklin's explanation and returned a verdict of justifiable homicide. Some of Cooke's family and supporters, however, have rejected Boyer's version of events, as well as those given by Franklin and Carr.

They believe that there was a conspiracy to murder Cooke and that the murder took place in some manner entirely different from the three official accounts.

She wrote that the injuries she observed were well beyond the official account of Cooke having fought Franklin alone. James wrote that Cooke was so badly beaten that his head was nearly separated from his shoulders, his hands were broken and crushed, and his nose mangled.

Klein owned Tracey, Ltd, which ultimately owned all rights to Cooke's recordings. No concrete evidence supporting a criminal conspiracy has been presented to date. The first funeral service for Cooke was held on December 18, , at A.

Leak Funeral Home in Chicago; , fans lined up for more than four city blocks to view his body. Two singles and an album were released in the month after his death. Bertha Franklin said she received numerous death threats after shooting Cooke. She left her position at the Hacienda Motel and did not publicly disclose where she had moved. Elisa Boyer provided testimony in support of Franklin in the case. She died of Coronary artery disease in She was found guilty of second-degree murder and sentenced to 25 years to life imprisonment.

Her conviction reignited interest in the Sam Cooke case and gave fuel to conspiracy theorists about the death. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other people named Sam Cooke, see Sam Cooke disambiguation.

American singer-songwriter, civil rights activist and entrepreneur. Singer songwriter entrepreneur civil rights activist. Otis Redding The Highway Q. Alexander Lou Rawls Bobby Womack. Main article: The Soul Stirrers. Main article: Sam Cooke discography. March 1, Archived from the original on February 16, Retrieved February 13, Retrieved September 28, Retrieved September 5, Running Press. Random House. New York: HarperPerennial.



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