Vomiting of undigested foods in the child and adult
Causes of vomiting undigested food
Vomiting of undigested food in a child or adult can be the consequence of previously entered foods, poor eating habits, overeating or extreme stress. In addition, this condition is observed in case of serious pathologies of the digestive system. What to do in this case and how to quickly restore normal operation of the body of interest to many people, especially parents of young children.
General description of pathology
The stomach is an organ where food is digested. The volume of the stomach of an adult can reach up to 3 liters in young children, the figure is much lower. Food enters the stomach through the esophagus and is decomposed into separate elements – protein, fat and carbohydrates. If the body needs energy, the brain signals the stomach, which starts to increase the level of hydrochloric acid necessary for digestion. This process can proceed at different rates, carbs are able to be processed in just 2 hours, while digestion of fats can take up to 5 hours.
If the stomach stops digesting food or digesting it in full, then this condition is called dyspepsia. While there are such unpleasant symptoms as nausea, feeling of heaviness in the stomach and the sense of constant fullness. If time does not diagnose the disease and start treatment, the consequences can be quite serious.
Dyspepsia is often seen in people who abuse the semi-finished products and fast food.
The main symptoms of dyspepsia
If a person develops dyspepsia, this pathology is accompanied by such unpleasant symptoms:
- Feeling of fullness of the stomach;
- Constant bloating and belching;
- There are signs of stomach ulcers nausea, heartburn, recurrent vomiting and pain when the stomach is empty;
- After eating often causes pain in the sternum, in the area of the solar plexus;
- Felt pain in the upper abdomen, which have nothing to do with eating food;
- A person complains of discomfort in the upper part of the spine;
- Periodically observed retching that bring relief only for a short time;
- Appetite firmly broken, the person often feels full, as the stomach is undigested food.
The disease can occur in different ways. Can be ulcer signs, dyskinetic and non-specific. Ulcerative for have all the signs of peptic ulcer disease, with dyskinetic for the patient feels a sense of fullness and suffers from constant burping. If the disease is nonspecific, it is observed from all the signs of both ulcerative dyskinetic movements.
Most often dyspepsia occurs without an increase in temperature. Hyperthermia can be only in case if associated infection.
The main causes of the disease
Vomiting of undigested food an adult or child can occur for many different reasons. These include:
- An unbalanced diet and a complete lack of a culture of eating;
- Frequent snacking and dry food semi-finished products;
- Frequent stressful situation;
- Intolerance to certain foods.
Some people have discomfort occurs when you consumption of very fatty or spicy foods and alcohol, which stimulates the secretion of hydrochloric acid, thereby increasing the burden on the stomach wall.
Sometimes the violation of digestion may occur due to the violation of the hormonal balance in the body, such problem often suffered by pregnant women. Dyspepsia can occur due to disruption of the secretory glands.
Most commonly nausea and retching occur early in the morning. This suggests that employees abused by some products later in the evening. The stomach should be given time to rest, so as not to disturb the work of that body.
In addition to malnutrition, there are other causes of dyspepsia include:
- The metabolic disorder;
- The population of the stomach disease-causing microorganisms;
- Low concentration of gastric secretions;
- Chronic or acute gastritis.
Regardless of why there is indigestion, should immediately consult a gastroenterologist and get treatment. In addition, be sure to review the diet and set of products.
Night vomiting in the baby undigested food may be due to evening overeating or consumption for dinner is too greasy and junk food.
Type of disease and how to diagnose
Dyspepsia can be of two types – functional and organic. When the organic form of serious disorders of the digestive system does not occur, but when there are pathological functional changes in the gastrointestinal tract, therefore, all the signs of the disease are brighter.
The diagnosis is made on the basis of complaints of the patient, careful examination and different examinations. Very often to confirm the diagnosis prescribe ultrasound examination of the digestive organs, and imaging. If there is suspicion of malignancy, the patient is prescribed x-rays. The inner part of the cavity of the stomach examined with an endoscope, often at the same time take the biopsy. Mandatory conduct a test for the presence in the stomach the particular bacteria that cause the development of ulcers.
The patient is prescribed and laboratory tests such as blood test, urine test and stool test for occult blood content, and the presence of dietary fiber.
It is worth remembering that vomiting of undigested food may indicate serious pathologies, therefore you should not postpone visit to the doctor.
Treatment of dyspepsia
It so happens that the impaired processing associated with the disease of General nature, such as flu or respiratory infection. In that case, once you treat the underlying disease, but if dyspeptic symptoms persist, the symptomatic treatment.
To normalize the digestion of food in the stomach, the patient is prescribed a variety of medicines. In that case, if the indigestion is accompanied by constipation, then laxatives are shown, as long as the chair is normalized. If the patient was worried about the diarrhea, then the compulsory acceptance of those funds.
To quickly establish a normal work of the stomach and improve digestion, can be assigned to such drugs:
- Enzymes to improve digestion;
- The histamine antagonists;
- Antispasmodics to reduce pain in the digestive organs.
In addition to drugs, be sure to keep your diet. From the diet totally excludes fatty, spicy foods and processed foods. After a meal can not immediately sit or lie down, it is better to calmly walk at least 20 minutes in the room or take a stroll on the street.
Why you need to boost your stomach acid. Especially if you have autoimmune disease
The gut is where the wellness movement is at right now. I’ve talked extensively about my gut health obsession here, here and here. So today, a gut health post with a focus on stomach acid. And why you need to boost it, especially if you suffer from autoimmune disease. This is the new direction in this realm, people. And I unofficially dedicate this post to my mate Rick.
A lot of us suffer from low stomach acid. (It’s almost a certainty if you have autoimmune disease.) Conventionally, if you suffer from heartburn or acid reflux these symptoms are usually treated with drugs that suppress production of stomach acid. But if your system is already depleted…well, you can see how things start to get tricky.
I’ve called on my e-mate Katie, high priestess of Wellness Mama, to share why you may actually need more stomach acid rather than less… and how to go about getting it (you can read her post in full on her blog).
Signs you have low stomach acid
Stomach acid or hydrochloric acid (HCL) is important for digestion and nutrient assimilation. Having too little stomach acid can cause just as many problems (if not more) than having too much.
Symptoms like constipation, diarrhoea, undigested food in stool, acid reflux, gas, bloating, indigestion, belching, skin problems or acne, and chronic nutrient deficiencies can be a sign of low stomach acid.
In more extreme cases, symptoms like hair loss, brittle nails, dry skin, adrenal fatigue and even autoimmune disease can occur.
Why we should boost our stomach acid
1. Stomach acid is essential for absorption of nutrients B12, magnesium, calcium, iron, folate and zinc.
2. It’s essential for proper digestion of food. It helps break down all the foods we eat. Undigested food in the gut can lead to leaky gut syndrome, which in turn, can lead to autoimmune disease.
3. It works as a barrier against pathogens. An acidic environment in the digestive system is crucial for immune system function.
4. It stimulates the pancreas and intestines. Which produces the bile and enzymes needed to break down our food.
5. It’s needed to break protein into vital amino acids. These are essential for hormone support, neurotransmitters and healthy skin, hair and nails.
6. It provides the adrenals with the nutrients they need to function properly. [Crucial if you have AI. – Sarah] Nutrient deficiencies and undigested food in the body can raise cortisol levels and deplete the adrenals.
7. It maintains the balance of good and bad bacteria in the gut. [Again, crucial if you have AI. – Sarah]
Here’s how to boost stomach acid, naturally
1. Eat mindfully. Don’t eat when you’re feeling stressed or upset, as stress can lower HCL levels. Calm down and focus on your meal. [It’s a different approach, but if you’d like to read more I’ve written about mindful eating before. – Sarah]
2. Consume a teaspoon of apple cider vinegar in water about 30 minutes before meals. The ACV will kick in and do the job of the missing acid.
3. Consume high quality animal proteins and vegetables. A nutrient-dense diet is necessary for the production of stomach acid.
4. Avoid processed, sugary and deep fried foods. A nutrient-poor diet can deplete stomach acid.
5. Use a high quality salt to taste. [I’ll be sharing more on why good salt is crucial in the next few weeks. – Sarah]
6. Chew your food well. This will make it easier to digest.
7. Save your drink for after you’ve eaten. Don’t drink with meals. Especially cold water.
8. Add 1/4 cup of homemade or unpasteurized sauerkraut to each meal to stimulate stomach acid production. [Feel free to make my homemade sauerkraut. – Sarah]
9. Drink ginger tea or chew a piece of ginger between meals to stimulate stomach acid production.
10. Allow a few hours for digestion between dinner and sleep.
11. If you’re taking antibiotics or prescription drugs, make sure you support your digestive system. (Take probiotics to replenish the bugs in your gut, for example.)
Do you suffer from symptoms of low stomach acid? What are your best tips and tricks?
Gas pain associated with gastric may affect at the worst possible time, leading to helplessness and embarrassment. It can affect during a crucial meeting, in a crowded elevator, in party or at home. Though it is not serious to pass gas or flatus, it is often very embarrassing. Gas pain is mild to intense pain that can occur due to gas, in any region of your torso. Chest pain, stomach pain or back pain, etc are sometimes associated with gas issue, though these can be caused due to other serious underlying conditions. The condition may occur due constipation, even diarrhea or intestinal gas. The pain often occurs when gas accumulates in the stomach and the person is not able to emit it. An average individual passes gas as much as ten times in a day. Though gas or gas pain may be difficult to handle, there are measures that can help in reducing the amount of gas accumulation and discomfort can be released.
Gas pains during pregnancy
Gas pain is also experienced by pregnant women. The condition is not only manifested through pain in chest or stomach but also through constant burping, farting and bloating. This irregularity can be embarrassing. During pregnancy, gas pain that is often caused due to accumulation of surplus gas in stomach is attributed to hormonal changes. This happens because progesterone relaxes muscles of the body including digestive tract which affects the digestion process. This results in accumulation of gas due to undigested food.
Chest pain and stomach pain due to gas
Many people suffer from stomach pain due to gas, which is often accompanied with a feeling to defecate. However, after visiting toilet only gas is expelled, which provides relieve for sometime till more gas accumulates. There are other manifestations of gas build-up, one of which is chest pain. When gas associated pain occurs, it is often intense and pinching. Sometimes people may misunderstand it for chest related issues. The pain can be experienced near rib cage, sides of stomach, right above the navel and anywhere on the chest. Pain caused due to gas can be extremely excruciating. Since there are other causes of stomach and chest pain, it is better to get yourself diagnosed and find the root cause of the condition.
Gas pain is chiefly caused due to accumulation of excess gas in the stomach. Gas is formed in the stomach when the bacteria present in colon starts fermenting carbohydrate which are not digested appropriately in the small intestine. High fiber foods, which are said to be healthy, are ironically the worst culprits. Though fiber has numerous health benefits, including digestive advantages, it can lead to accumulation of extra gas in stomach. There are other eatables that may lead to accumulation of gas such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains, legumes, etc. Fiber supplements may also contribute to cause gas build-up, especially those that have psyllium. Gas may also accumulate due to consumption of carbonated drinks such as soda, beer.
There are also other causes of gas which are:
Air gets swallowed every time we drink or eat something. Air may also get swallowed due to nervousness, fast eating, chewing – gum, sucking candies, drinking through straw, etc. Some air may reach the lower digestive tract and cause pain.
Accumulation of gas can be caused due to underlying conditions like inflammatory bowel disease which includes Crohn’s disease or ulcerative colitis, etc.
Medicine such as laxatives and antibiotics may also cause gas issue. Since, antibiotic affect the standard bacterial flora in the bowel it can contribute to cause gas.
Constipation often makes it daunting to expel gas which causes bloating and discomfort in the stomach.
Intolerance to food
Food intolerance is another factor that may cause accumulation of gas. For example, in some people gas gets built-up due after consuming dairy products. This happens because their body may not be able to break down lactose food. Some other such incidences are recorded in case of gluten which indicates about possibilities of diarrhea and dramatic weight loss. Some people have intolerance to sorbitol, mannitol or other artificial additives. Such issues are even recorded in healthy individuals.
The symptoms and signs associated with gas pain can be extremely obvious. Some of the common indications of gas pain include:
- Passing gas voluntarily or involuntarily and in excess; It can be either flatus or belches
- Sharp pain in your stomach, chest or other regions of the torso. This pain can also shift from one location to the other.
- Feeling of knot in your abdomen
- Tightness or swelling or bloating in the stomach
These symptoms may also occur due to other conditions. Some of such issues include heart disease, gallstone and appendicitis. Since these are serious health issues, it is crucial to consult your doctor.
Your doctor will first diagnose the condition to determine the root cause of the issue and accordingly suggest a treatment. He may also run a check on your medical background to find any history of medical issues and existing physical anomalies. Your doctor may suggest medicines such as Beano, lactase supplements, simethicone, charcoal tablets etc, to deal with the issue. These are also available over the counter, but one should consider taking it after consulting a doctor for better remission. Your doctor may also suggest dietary changes to complement the ongoing treatment.
Stomach Blockage – Location, Symptoms and Causes
As with any hollow organ, a blockage may occur in the stomach which can affect its normal functioning. These blockages may be due to growths, thickening of the inlet or outlet, or pressure from outside the stomach which causes a narrowing. Blockages can lead to complications like dehydration and nutritional deficiencies. Some causes like cancerous growths may also be life threatening.
Location of the Blockage
The stomach is a relatively large organ with a narrow inlet and outlet. It is usually the inlet or outlet where an obstruction may arise. The inlet region is known as the cardia and the outlet is the pylorus. Obstructions are usually partial (incomplete) meaning that there is still some space for food and fluids to pass through.
Most of the time the obstruction affects the stomach outlet and this is collectively known as gastric outlet obstruction. This area is known as the pylorus and is the end portion of the stomach which then continues into the duodenum of the small intestine.
Most of the stomach lies in the upper left quadrant of the abdomen and the pylorus is located approximately in the upper middle region of the abdomen. Sometimes a mass or narrowing of the duodenum can impede the exit of stomach contents. However, gastric outlet obstruction usually involves pathology in the pylorus of the stomach.
The thick band of muscles in the pylorus controls the outflow of stomach contents. It is referred to as the pylorus sphincter and is a valve that opens and narrows as is required. It ensures that food in the stomach is sufficiently digested, albeit partially, to then exit the stomach and continue through to the small intestine.
It is also important to note that the muscles in the stomach wall are also responsible for movement of food through the stomach. If these muscles become weak or paralyzed then food may be backed up in the stomach. As a result it leads to a pseudo-obstruction, which means a false obstruction.
Signs and Symptoms
A blockage in the stomach usually presents with non-specific symptoms. Nausea is the most prominent symptoms and is usually accompanied by vomiting that tends to arise a short while after eating. Other symptoms include bloating (sensation of fullness) and feeling full after a few bites of a meal (early satiety). Sometimes these symptoms of a stomach blockage are described as indigestion, and often ignored until other more serious symptoms arise.
Over time other symptoms like unintentional weight loss arise and is usually related to ongoing diminished appetite. This in turn may be accompanied by the signs of dehydration and nutritional deficiencies. Abdominal pain does not occur with every case of a stomach blockage. It is usually seen with conditions like peptic ulcers and stomach or pancreatic cancer. This is often reported as an upper middle abdominal pain (epigastric pain).
Causes of Stomach Blockage
There are many possible causes of a blockage in the stomach and some of these conditions are common. However, these common stomach conditions do not always lead to an obstruction. Instead gastric outlet obstruction may occur as an uncommon complication. Some of the other causes can also be serious apart from the blockage that it causes and may even be potentially fatal.
Peptic ulcer disease is where an open sore forms in the stomach or duodenum. It is a common condition and may be associated with gastritis (stomach wall inflammation). These ulcers are mainly due to Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) bacteria or the excessive use of NSAIDs.
It causes localized inflammation which can lead to swelling of the stomach wall tissue. This can cause a blockage in acute peptic ulcers. Over time this persistent inflammation can lead to scarring of the stomach wall which causes the narrowing. This is seen in chronic peptic uclers.
The most common cause of a stomach blockage, specifically gastric outlet obstruction, is pyloric stenosis. Pyloric refers to the end part of the stomach known as the pylorus. Stenosis is a medical term for narrowing. It is develops in infants and is more common among boys than girls.
Pyloric stenosis is the gradual enlargement (hypertrophy) of the smooth muscles that makes up the pyloric sphincter. The exact cause of pyloric stenosis is unclear. It has been linked to genetic factors, bottle-feeding, use of certain antibiotics during pregnancy and during the infant years, as well as smoking during pregnancy.
Stones and Objects
Another one of the more common causes of gastric outlet obstruction is a blockage due to a gallstone. Large stones may cause obstructions of the bile duct or even within the digestive tract. Gallstones can become impacted in the duodenum or pylorus of the stomach. This is known as Bouveret syndrome.
Any substance or object that is ingested can become impacted in the stomach outlet thereby causing a blockage. This may include foreign bodies, larger pieces of undigested food, hair and certain drugs. These objects are referred to as bezoars when it causes a blockage in the stomach.
There are a number of benign (non-cancerous) growths that may responsible for gastric outlet obstruction. Some of these growths have the potential to become cancerous and need to be constantly monitored. These growths include:
- Stomach polyps which are abnormal growths that protrude from the stomach wall. These growths may be linked to chronic gastritis and long term use of drugs like proton pump inhibitors (PPIs).
- Duodenal webs are membranes with holes that form inside the stomach and usually are present from the time of birth.
- Pseudocysts are pockets filled with digestive enzymes and larger cysts can cause an obstruction in the pylorus of the stomach.
Malignant growths (cancerous tumors) are another possible and serious cause of gastric outlet obstruction. The most common type of cancer that may cause a stomach blockage is pancreatic cancer. Other forms of cancer may also be responsible including stomach cancer, bile duct cancer and cancers from other sites which spread to the stomach or duodenum (metastatic carcinomas).
Http://medicalj-center. info/poisoning/vomiting-of-undigested-foods-in-the-child-and-adult. html
Http://www. sarahwilson. com/2015/05/why-you-need-to-boost-your-stomach-acid/
Http://www. healthhype. com/stomach-blockage-location-symptoms-and-causes. html