Signs of urine infection in pregnancy

Kidney Infection in Pregnancy: Symptoms, Causes and Home Remedies

Kidney infection in pregnancy is one of the most dangerous situations a pregnant woman could get into. Aside from the risk of kidney failure and even death, it also imperils the life and health condition of the fetus. To ensure healthy conception, you must know the kidney infections symptoms in pregnancy.

Signs and Symptoms of Kidney Infection During Pregnancy

Most signs of kidney infection in pregnancy are also found in normal pregnancy, but the determining factor would be the severity or the degree of the experience such as pain and urination. You must be keen enough to determine the difference between normal signs of pregnancy and pregnancy with infection.

  • Fever accompanied with chills
  • Vomiting
  • Frequent and more than usual urination
  • Blood in urine
  • Severe pain when urinating
  • Short and stabbing bursts of pain around the waist and lower back
  • Severe exhaustion that could hamper normal movements and activities

Kidney Infection in Pregnancy Causes

The common causes of kidney infection among pregnant women are:

  • Physical changes in a woman’s body. These physical and hormonal changes make it easy for bacteria to enter the urethra up to the bladder and the urinary track. Successful entry of bacteria to the kidneys results to its infection.

If you are experiencing any of the symptoms mentioned, you should immediately consult your obstetrician to advice you of kidney infection in pregnancy remedies. Kidney infection among pregnant women could lead to low birthrate, fetal development problems, and even miscarriage or stillbirth. It can also cause serious health complications for the mother.


Causes of yeast infections in women. Signs of urine infection in pregnancy.

Causes Of Yeast Infections In Women

Causes of yeast infections in women. Signs of urine infection in pregnancy.

Causes Of Yeast Infections In Women

Causes of yeast infections in women – U. S. Polo

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Size XL: Chest 38″ Length 26″ Sleeves 6″

Breastfeeding with large breasts

Here are some suggestions that I have found helpful:

Find a nursing bra that really fits. Small – breasted women don’t need as much support as larger breastfed women, so finding a supportive bra is more of a priority for the mother with larger breasts. Breast size will increase during pregnancy, but by the last trimester, the majority of prenatal growth has occurred and that is a good time to purchase nursing bras. It is impossible to predict exactly how much larger your breasts will get when your milk comes in, but you can estimate that you will be two or 3 cup sizes larger and you band size might go up too. It may help to get a back extender to use during the latter stages of pregnancy or the early stages of engorgement, because this can easily be removed as your size changes. Your ribcage expands during the last months of pregnancy, and the extender may help make you more comfortable during this stage. I kept my 34 band size bras and used an extender on most of my nursing bras. I started out with only a couple of bras, and invest in more once the initial engorgement had subsided. Good nursing bras of my size are very expensive, and you don’t want to end up investing in a drawer full of bras that don’t fit anymore after the first couple of weeks of nursing. I ordered my bras online and I spent over $300.00USD for the 5 nursing bras I got. You should try to avoid under-wire bras if possible (they can press against breast tissue and cause problems with plugged ducts and mastitis) as well as tight athletic bras. Bras that are too loose can also cause problems for large breasted women. Many maternity stores don’t carry a large range of sizes, so you may have to order one instead. Many options are available for plus-sized bras and swimsuits for nursing moms.

When breastfeeding your baby, you should try and experiment with different positions. The traditional cradle hold is the most popular position, but the football hold worked better for me as this is the method used by women with larger breasts. In this position, the baby is tucked under your arm and you have better control of the baby’s head as he latches on, as well as more freedom of arm movement. Be sure to use lots of pillows to bring the baby up to your level, rather than having to lean over him. You also want to support your back with pillows as well. Raising your knees with a footstool also helps. It is difficult to learn how to position your baby by reading articles or looking at pictures, so spend some time at La Leche League meetings if you have the opportunity. You’ll get the chance to see real live babies in action in a comfortable situation where only other mothers are present. You may find it useful to “practice” different positions before your baby arrives, using a baby doll or stuffed animal. While this isn’t the same as nursing a real live wiggly baby, it can give you an idea of how to use pillows for support, and help you get a feel for which positions might be most comfortable for you. Make sure to support the breast while nursing. Using the “C” hold is often effective. The optimal C hold involves using your outside hand (the one on the same side you’re nursing from) to support your breast. Put your palm gently under the breast, with your thumb curved around the top and side, forming a “C”. Be sure to keep your finger and thumb well behind the areola, because if your fingers are in the way, your baby can’t compress the milk sinuses effectively. This can cause soreness as well as keeping him or her from obtaining the hind milk that he or she needs to grow. Some mothers find that rolling up a washcloth and placing it under the breast during the feeding provides extra support. You may need additional support only while you are getting the baby latched on, or you may need to support the breast throughout the entire feeding. Once your baby is older and has better muscle control, you may find that you don’t need as much support as you do in the beginning.

Pay careful attention to latch on. You need to make sure that your baby takes a good portion of the areola (the dark area surrounding the nipple) into his mouth, and not just the nipple. Milk is stored behind the areola in pockets (lactiferous sinuses) and the baby has to compress these pockets in order to breastfeed effectively. Babies have tiny little rosebud mouths, and if your areola is large (some are the size of a saucer), then you need to make sure he opens wide (like a yawn) before you pull him in to you to latch on. Most of the areola should be covered, but it’s not necessary for him to take all of it in his mouth.

Gently massage your breasts while you are nursing. Large breasted women have more tissue that can become engorged or lumpy, and massage can help insure that the milk ducts are bein

The Contraceptive Sponge (Image credit: Anastasia Szakowski)

It is possible to have as many acts of intercourse as desired for 12 to 24 hours, depending on the brand

Of sponge. There is a high level of comfort and it is sold over-the-counter.

The Down Side: The contraceptive sponge does not protect against STIs. Some women may be allergic to spermicide and it cannot be used during menstruation. The sponge can cause yeast infections and it can be difficult to

Early Pregnancy Signs and Symptoms

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The Information Standard

Shalini Patni, 28 Feb 2017

Pregnancy tests are very sensitive so it is common to find out that you are pregnant before you develop any signs or symptoms of pregnancy. However, as your pregnancy continues you are likely to experience various symptoms and signs.

In this article

  • Arrow-downHow do I know I am pregnant?
  • Arrow-downWhat are the common symptoms and signs of early pregnancy?
  • Arrow-downWhat should I do when I find out that I am pregnant?

Early Pregnancy Signs and Symptoms

In this article

How do I know I am pregnant?

Pregnancy tests are available from chemists and supermarkets and are very sensitive. They test for the presence of a hormone called beta human chorionic gonadotrophin (beta-hCG) in your urine. Beta-hCG is produced by your body when an egg (which has been fertilised by a sperm) attaches and fixes itself (implants itself) into the wall of your womb (uterus).

Different makes of pregnancy tests vary in how sensitive they are. The more sensitive ones can become positive when you are only a few days pregnant. However, a negative test does not mean that you are not pregnant; it may just mean that the levels of this hormone are not high enough to be detected by the test.

As pregnancy tests vary in how you use them, it is important to read the instructions carefully before you do the test.

If your first pregnancy test is negative but you think you may be pregnant then you should repeat the pregnancy test one week later. If you have a positive pregnancy test, this does not need to be repeated by a doctor or a midwife.

Early Pregnancy Q&A

How long does it take to get symptoms of pregnancy? What can cause the same symptoms of pregnancy? What are the different stages of pregnancy? All your questions answered.

What are the common symptoms and signs of early pregnancy?

The symptoms of early pregnancy vary tremendously between women. Some women hardly have any symptoms, whereas others have very severe symptoms. It is impossible to predict which women will have more severe symptoms. However, in general, if you are expecting twins or triplets then it is likely that your symptoms will be more severe.

Extreme tiredness is often the most common sign of an early pregnancy. Although it is common to become more tired in the later stages of pregnancy, this extreme tiredness and lack of energy (lethargy) usually last for the first twelve weeks (first trimester). They usually then improve.

Urinary symptoms and constipation

You may notice that you need to pass urine more frequently than you used to. This is actually due to the effect of the beta-hCG hormone which makes your kidneys work harder to produce more urine. This is different to the reason you will need to pass urine more often in the later stages of pregnancy, which is due to the baby’s head pressing on your bladder.

Note: if you experience any burning, stinging or a high temperature (fever) with these urinary symptoms, contact your doctor or midwife. Urine infections are common when you are pregnant. Your doctor or midwife will arrange to test your urine for an infection. See separate leaflet called Urine Infection in Pregnancy for more information.

It can be common to find that you are more constipated than usual in the early stages of pregnancy. This is due to the chemical (hormone) progesterone making your bowel more relaxed and sluggish. It is important to have a healthy diet throughout your pregnancy. If you do become constipated then you should eat more foods with lots of fibre in them, like wholemeal bread, fruit and vegetables. Make sure you are drinking enough fluids, especially water.

Breast tenderness

Another very early sign of pregnancy is breast tenderness. You may find that just the water from your shower on your breasts makes them feel uncomfortable and very tender. You may also find that you wake in the night when you roll on to your front because your breasts are tender. Your breasts may tingle at times or even have stabbing pains in them. You may also notice that your breasts become bigger and more swollen over the first few weeks of pregnancy. As your pregnancy develops it is common to notice some veins under the surface of your skin over your breasts. This is entirely normal.

After a few weeks you may notice that the coloured skin around your nipples (the areolae) becomes darker.

Feeling sick (nausea)

Although most women think that feeling sick is the first sign of being pregnant, it is more common to develop other symptoms first. Feeling sick usually starts around the sixth week of your pregnancy. This can, however, vary between pregnancies in the same woman as well as between different women. You may find that you are being sick (vomiting) as well as feeling sick. The amount and frequency really does vary between women and can also be different (worse or better) in later pregnancies.

This sickness is commonly referred to as morning sickness. It is more common to experience feeling sick only in the mornings. However, you may find that this feeling continues throughout the afternoons and even into the evenings. See separate leaflet called Morning Sickness in Pregnancy for more information.

Food cravings

You may find that you crave certain foods during your pregnancy or even go off some foods. Some women experience a metallic taste in their mouth. You are likely to have a heightened sense of smell during your early pregnancy. This may make any feelings of sickness that you have worse.


The changes in hormone levels in early pregnancy may make you feel more moody and irritable than usual.

Missed period

Although this has always been the most obvious sign of pregnancy, many women now find out they are pregnant before they miss their first period.

Many women may have a small amount of bleeding (spotting) at the time of their missed period. This is sometimes called an ‘implantation bleed’. It happens when the fertilised egg attaches and fixes itself (implants itself) in the wall of your womb (uterus). It is harmless.

However, if you have any spotting or heavy bleeding when you are pregnant then you should let your doctor or midwife know. In some cases further tests (for example, a scan) are necessary. This is because bleeding can sometimes be a sign of a miscarriage. See separate leaflet called Miscarriage and Bleeding in Early Pregnancy for more information. Less commonly it can be the first symptom of an ectopic pregnancy. ‘Ectopic’ refers to a pregnancy which occurs outside the womb. See separate leaflet called Ectopic Pregnancy for more information.

Due Date Calculator

Get an estimated date of delivery for your baby based on your last period.

What should I do when I find out that I am pregnant?

Once your pregnancy has been confirmed by a pregnancy test then you should contact your doctor’s surgery. They will arrange for you to see your doctor or midwife. Usually you will be seen by a midwife at around twelve weeks of your pregnancy. They will see you at your surgery, at a children’s centre or at home. It is rare nowadays to have to go to a hospital to see a midwife.

How do you tell your boss you're pregnant?

Dr Sarah Jarvis, GP and Clinical Director of patient. info

It is important to have a healthy lifestyle during your pregnancy. This includes healthy eating and taking folic acid and vitamin D supplements. See separate leaflet called Diet and Lifestyle during Pregnancy for more details.

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