Signs of rabbit phantom pregnancy

Signs of rabbit phantom pregnancy

Early signs of pregnancy

Pregnancy symptoms may vary from person to person. Every woman and every pregnancy is different, but there are a few universal pregnancy symptoms:

  • Absence of menstruation Some women experience a small amount of vaginal bleeding around a week or two after conception. The bleeding may be caused by the fertilized egg burrowing into the blood-rich lining of your uterus. Phantom menstrual cramps can be another sign of pregnancy.
  • Sleepiness and fatique Feeling light-headed and tired all of a sudden is an effect of increased levels of the progesterone hormone in your system and the stress your body undergoes as it adapts to pregnancy.
  • Frequent urination You may find yourself getting up several times a night hurrying to the bathroom, when you used to sleep all night long without even hearing a peep from your bladder. This happens mostly because during pregnancy the amount of blood and other fluids in your body increases, which leads to extra fluid being processed by your kidneys and ending up in your bladder.
  • Food aversions and cravings You may suddenly find that certain foods you used to enjoy are now completely repulsive to you, or crave certain foods you never enjoyed before.
  • Breast changes: Darkening of the areola, fullness, heaviness You’ll get the same puffy premenstrual breasts, but they’ll be more sensitive, and getting bigger every day.
  • Increased sensitivity to odors If the world begins to smell strange, that is the very first sign that you are pregnant. This extra sensitivity to common aromas may be a side effect of rapidly increasing amounts of estrogen in your body.
  • Nausea or vomiting Pregnancy can create gnawing uneasiness in your stomach that is most easily compared to seasickness. Pregnancy-related nausea and vomiting can be a problem in the morning, noon or night.
  • Your basal body temperature stays high Chart your basal body temperature for 18 days in a row and you if see that your temperature has stayed elevated, you’re probably pregnant. Take a pregnancy test to be sure.

If you think you are pregnant you may purchase a home pregnancy test. Once you’ve gotten a positive result, make an appointment with your doctor.

Be sure, that after your precious baby arrives, you will soon forget the bouts of nausea and the discomfort you are now experiencing.

Canine False Pregnancy

A canine false pregnancy can seem like the real thing, yet you don’t wind up with a litter of pups. Learn about the signs of a false or “phantom” pregnancy and what causes this condition.

False Pregnancy in Dogs

Have you ever thought your dog was pregnant following her heat cycle even though you were sure she didn’t have the opportunity to breed? If so, your dog might have been going through a false pregnancy.

A false pregnancy essentially mimics many of the symptoms of a real pregnancy and delivery, although there are no embryos involved. False pregnancies are fairly common and typically nothing to worry about, and most owners never even realize their dog is having one unless the condition is prolonged.

It may surprise you to know that every female that cycles actually goes through a period of false pregnancy following her heat. This is easier to understand when the stages of the heat cycle are broken down.

Stages of the Cycle

  • Proestrus – This stage of the reproductive cycle is what most people understand as the typical heat cycle complete with vulva swelling and bloody discharge.
  • Estrus – This is the second stage of the noticeable heat cycle when the color of the discharge lightens, the vulva becomes spongy and the female flirts and allows breeding. At this time, the ovaries release eggs for fertilization.
  • Diestrus – This is the period that immediately follows the end of discharging, typically signally the end of heat.

The Corpus Luteum

When the eggs are released for fertilization, the ovary produces a structure called the corpus luteum. This structure eventually fades away if the female hasn’t been bred, but until it does, it produces a hormone known as progesterone that prepares the dog’s body to support a pregnancy. It usually takes about 60 to 70 days for the corpus luteum to fade away if no breeding has taken place. However, the structure is able to survive for longer periods in some cases, and this is when a classic false pregnancy is observed.

Signs of Canine False Pregnancy

  • Lactation – The breasts generally swell a bit due to the hormonal changes involved with each stage of a dog’s cycle, but a female that is going through an extended false pregnancy may actually begin milk production. You may notice a bit of milk leaking from one or more teats, or you may be able to express a little milk manually. This is not recommended because it can stimulate further production and prolong the condition.
  • Increase in abdominal size – Many people begin to suspect a pregnancy when their dog’s abdomen becomes fuller.
  • Nesting behavior – A truly pregnant female eventually begins creating a nest for her upcoming litter, and a dog going through a false pregnancy typically does the same thing. She’ll root around her bedding or try to drag it to a quieter location. If your dog normally sleeps on blankets, she’ll dig around in them and ruffle them up for her nest.
  • Surrogate mothering – In the most prolonged cases of canine false pregnancy, a dog will adopt toys or other items as her surrogate pups. She’ll typically collect her “brood” and keep them with her in her bedding. She may carry them around with her and display anxiety if she is separated from them, just as a real mother would feel anxious about her pups.
  • Mock labor – In the most extreme cases, the female will actually appear to go into labor and seem as though she is trying to deliver a puppy.

Dealing with a Phantom Pregnancy

In the majority of cases, no medical treatment is required, and the physical symptoms and behaviors simply run their course and fade away. Here are a few tips about dealing with both.

Behavioral Issues

  • It’s easier to allow your dog to keep her surrogate pups until she tires of them. Taking them away will only increase her anxiety needlessly. She will eventually lose interest in them after a few weeks.
  • It sometimes helps to give your dog a change in perspective. Try getting her out of the house for some fresh air and exercise. These initial walks may not last long if your dog is pining to return to her makeshift litter, but you can gradually increase the amount of time you walk her as she begins to get back to being her old self.
  • Don’t play into her anxieties and behaviors with excessive attention. You’ll only convince her that she actually has something to worry about.
  • Be patient with your dog. She has no control over her instincts and natural inclinations during this time, but your understanding will help relieve some of her anxiety.

Prolonged Physical Symptoms

In a few cases, medical intervention may be necessary to bring the episode to an end.

  • Lactation can be stopped by administering bromocriptine, a medication that inhibits the hormones that trigger milk production.
  • Your vet may also choose to administer a diuretic to end milk production.
  • If a female experiences repeated false pregnancies, spaying after the conclusion of one of these episodes is the surest way of preventing a recurrence in the future.

Telling the Difference

Since a false pregnancy and a real pregnancy appear virtually the same from the outside, you’ll need your vet’s help in determining whether or not your dog is really pregnant. The easiest way to do this is to have your vet palpate the uterus around 28 days gestation to see if any embryos can be felt.

Dealing with a canine false pregnancy can be a little stressful for owner and dog alike, but a little patience and understanding will help you both get through it.

Signs of Pregnancy in Dogs

Dog owners that start looking for signs of pregnancy in their dog are generally split into two distinct categories, on one side there are those that have planned the breeding and that are keeping their fingers crossed that their dog is pregnant, and on the other side, there are those worried about their dog because she accidentally ”slipped out the door” when nobody was looking.

Regardless of the state of mind accompanying a possible pregnancy, there are some early signs in dogs that may possibly suggest that puppies are on the way. However, in order to determine if a pregnancy is likely, it helps to first get a grip on how the dog’s heat cycle works. If the dog was purposely bred or ”slipped out the door” at the right time of her estrus, then the likeliness of pregnancy are much higher.

A dog’s estrus is typically divided into specific phases that all together average about 21 days. These phases are known as Pro-estrus, Estrus and Di-estrus.

This first phase lasts an average of 7-10 days and it is easily recognized by owners because it occurs when there is vaginal bleeding accompanied by vaginal puffiness and swelling. Female dogs at this stage flirt around a bit but do not allow the male to mount.

The estrus phase is the actual fertile phase that lasts an average of 4-13 days. The bleeding will be replaced by a straw colored fluid. Females at this stage are receptive to the male, they will keep their tail to their side and mating will occur. A male and female stuck together is known as a ”tie” and this usually indicates a good chance of pregnancy.

The dog’s heat ends at the di-estrus stage. During this stage the female will no longer be interested in mating however, males may still try to mount.

As seen, the estrus phase is the crucial phase that determines the likeliness of pregnancy. If you have planned the breeding, this is the stage at which you should have allowed your stud and bitch to mate. However, there is really no magic formula to grant a pregnancy. Some breeders prefer to have their dog’s hormones checked by a vet to ensure breeding on the most fertile day. If you have not witnessed an actual mating, then there are still some chances that your female dog may not be pregnant. Now to possible signs.

Early signs of dog pregnancy

Generally, the first signs of pregnancy are detected a few weeks after mating. These signs are quite subtle and may be hard to detect for the unexperienced owner. These signs may be present on a case by case basis, so not all dogs exhibit the same signs. To make things worse, often false pregnancy may be confused for a real pregnancy.

Just as humans, female dogs may get something a bit similar to ”morning sickness”. They may tend to lose their appetite and feel a bit nauseated at times. This is a normal occurrence that should subside as the pregnancy progresses and bigger appetites make up for these times.

The female dog may appear to be a bit sluggish and will be seen resting for some periods of time. This slight increase in inactivity are due to the hormonal fluctuations.

The dog’s nipples will begin to swell slightly. This may not be really evident at times. It is good practice to take a picture of them or measuring the size with some tape after suspecting pregnancy so to compare the size.

Increase in Weight

A slight increase in weight may be noticeable around the first month. The dog’s abdomen will also slightly enlarge and appear to feel firmer.

What Is A Phantom Or False Pregnancy – Pseudocyesis

False pregnancy (Pseudocyesis) is a rare condition in which a non-pregnant woman believes that she is pregnant, even though there is no physical evidence of pregnancy. Women with false pregnancy also known as pseudopregnancy or pseudocyesis will often experience real pregnancy symptoms. It occurs in about one to six of every 22,000 births in the United States.

Causes of False Pregnancy in Women

Although this condition has yet to be fully explained, experts believe that there is a strong emotional and psychological underpinning pseudocyesis.

Psychologists believe that women who experience false pregnancy have an extremely strong desire to be pregnant and experience the process of pregnancy. Women who have false pregnancies tend to experience false pregnancy symptoms around the same time that their relatives and friends are experiencing pregnancy. Research has also linked false pregnancy to the pituitary gland (which is the centre of hormone production during pregnancy) and specifically, to an unusually high level of hormones. This hormone imbalance is often sparked by stress and anxiety, which in turn causes the emotional and psychological shifts that lead a woman to falsely believe she is expecting. False Pregnancy Symptoms Women with a false pregnancy can have typical pregnancy symptoms such as:

  • Amenorrhea – no period
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Morning sickness
  • Cravings
  • Weight gain
  • Widening of the abdomen
  • Enlargement of the breasts

It is medically unclear why women experiencing pseudopregnancy sometimes exhibit true physical signs of pregnancy.

False phantom Pregnancy Diagnosis

A pregnancy test such as a urine or blood test or a sonogram will usually show no pregnancy, but nevertheless women with pseudocyesis will insist they are pregnant due to a deeply-rooted desire to be pregnant.

False phantom Pregnancy: Which Women are Most at Risk?

Women who are most at risk for pseudocyesis are:

  • Women in their late thirties or early forties, who have been trying to conceive for many years and who may have fertility problems
  • Women who are not generally emotionally unstable but who are extremely emotional with regard to pregnancy
  • Women who have suffered a miscarriage or who have lost a child
Treating False Pregnancy

Psychological counseling is usually recommended in order to treat underlying emotional and psychological causes of false pregnancy, including stress, anxiety and depression.

По материалам:

Http://www. babynamestats. com/early_signs_of_pregnancy. html

Http://dogs. lovetoknow. com/wiki/Canine_False_Pregnancy

Http://pethelpful. com/dogs/Signs-of-Pregnancy-in-Dogs

Http://www. babymed. com/pregnancy-symptoms/what-is-a-false-phantom-pregnancy-pseudocyesis