Leg and knee pain during pregnancy

Joint Pain During Pregnancy Treatment | Leg Pain and Pregnancy

Question: I am 4 month pregnant, 29 years of age, weight 62Kgs and physically handicapped. My left leg has polio attack and is 2.5″ smaller compared to right leg. So I walk in a slightly inclined position may be 30 degree and use left hand to push left leg. This is my first baby. Since last 1 month while walking I’m getting heavy pain in left leg and left stomach joint. If I don’t walk there is no pain. What are the reasons for this joint pain and will it create any problem for my baby.

Don’t worry. The symptoms that you have presented are common and inevitable consequences of your disability. Some reasons for the pain in the joint area are,

  • Short left leg is putting strain on the left pelvic joint. This have over the period of several years resulted in friction and degeneration of tissues around the joint.
  • During pregnancy your abdominal muscles and ligaments get stretched. This causes pain in and around your lower abdomen.
  • In later months of pregnancy, the protruding abdomen and increase in weight causes an imbalance in the centre of gravity. Further, your disability doesn’t allow the weight to be distributed proportionately to both your limbs. This is putting excessive strain on your disabled left leg causing undue pain in the left pelvic joint.

Treatment for Pregnancy Joint Pain:

Measures that you need to take to Reduce joint pain:

  • Considering your disability, it is recommended that you walk only when it is absolutely essential.
  • Take calcium and iron supplements, as pregnant mothers are known to suffer from calcium and iron deficiencies. Consume milk and milk products, egg, green leafy vegetables, fresh fruits and vegetables which are rich in iron and calcium and other micronutrients.
  • Use a walker to support you especially with your disability while walking. This will avoid strain on your disabled leg and reduce the feeling of pain.

The Weather and Your Joints

Some people check the news for the weather forecast. But for many people with arthritis and related joint pain, they already know when a storm is on the way.

Joint pain occurs from a variety of factors, one of the most common being arthritis, a broad term to describe the 100+ forms of chronic joint inflammation that can wear away at cartilage. Arthritis deteriorates this rubbery substance and its ability to absorb movement, until, in some people, it’s completely worn down to the point that bones rub against each other.

And there’s an interesting link between arthritis and the weather: many patients � and the doctors who care for them � report that joint pain and arthritis symptoms flare up before a storm or changes in the atmosphere.

What’s the Link?

The idea that weather influences pain goes back at least 1,600 years, to Hippocrates in the fourth century BC, and probably earlier. The scientific term is ‘human biometeorology’, and there’s a definitive link between the two in obvious scenarios; you’ll get burnt if you leave your skin unprotected in the sun for example. There are few studies between arthritis and weather changes, however.

So what’s the connection?

In theory, it’s caused by barometric pressure. This is the pressure exerted by air, and it often drops before a storm. If this drop in barometric pressure caused the tissues around the joints to swell, it is conceivable that changes in the weather, like an impending storm, could trigger a flare-up of arthritic symptoms.

There is some evidence to support this thesis. In the 1960s, researcher John Hollander isolated patients with rheumatoid arthritis in a sealed chamber and gradually increased the barometric conditions. The result? Minor swelling with a rise in humidity and decrease in pressure.

Bear in mind the huge variety of possible atmospheric conditions and combinations with joint pain symptoms. Many doctors are believers too, and experience a surge in patients complaining of joint pain on rainy days. There’s clearly a link between the weather and joint pain. Perhaps a better question is how do you manage that pain?

A Natural Way to Manage Joint Pain

The answer to this may already be within you. Specifically, several compounds that occur naturally in cartilage, including glucosamine and chondroitin. They’re both lost in the ageing process, and there are no rich food sources for either one.

A study conducted in 2006 revealed that patients who supplemented with glucosamine experienced a “significant improvement” for pain symptoms related to osteoarthritis. And four clinical studies suggest that chondroitin can lubricate the joints and block the enzymes that break down cartilage.

Further reason to use a natural joint relief supplement: traditional joint relief medications, including non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and cox-2 inhibitors are not recommended for long-term use because they’re linked to adverse side effects, including gastrointestinal bleeding and increased risk of stroke and heart attack.

Studies show comparable joint pain relief from willow bark extract � found in Joint Relief Solution � and even reduced loss of cartilage, from avocado soybean unsaponifiables, as seen in a 2002 study of patients with osteoarthritis of the hip.

Conclusion

You don’t control the weather. But many arthritis patients live with chronic pain that flares up from changes in the atmosphere. They literally “feel it in their bones”, and with roughly one in three Americans living with ongoing joint pain, they want relief.

The best way to reduce joint pain, quite frankly, may simply be to pursue natural treatment for arthritis with a joint relief supplement with Chondroitin and Glucosamine. Multiple studies demonstrate these two compounds not only reduce joint pain, they may also protect cartilage and offer greater mobility. That’s more that most arthritis medications offer, and probably safer as well.

Try Joint Relief Solution. A blend of natural ingredients, including glucosamine and chondroitin, it’s also formulated with willow bark extract. You might be surprised to learn that willow bark has the same active ingredient as aspirin, and shows dramatic reduction in pain symptoms, with less reliance on NSAIDs as well.

Leg Pain During Pregnancy

What is leg pain during pregnancy?

You know it if you’ve got it. Leg pain is any minor to major discomfort in one or both of your legs.

What could be causing my leg pain during pregnancy?

Sciatica is the most common cause of leg pain during pregnancy, says Sarah Prager, MD, an assistant professor in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at the University of Washington. What’s that, exactly? Well, the weight of your growing uterus can push on the sciatic nerve and cause pain to run down the back of your leg. It could also just be leg cramps (most common in the third trimester) — but it could also be something more severe, like deep vein thrombosis (DVT) or uterine fibroids, so let your OB know.

When should I go to the doctor with leg pain during pregnancy?

“Any time pain is debilitating, you should mention it to your doctor,” Prager says. Because DVT — a blood clot in your leg — is the scariest potential cause of leg pain, be especially vigilant if you’ve just taken a long flight or car trip (which can cause clotting) and your leg pain is centered in one leg, around the back of the knee or calf, and is accompanied by redness or swelling.

How do I treat my leg pain during pregnancy?

If your leg pain is caused by DVT, you’ll need anticoagulation meds and — yikes — possibly even hospitalization; if leg cramps are to blame, increasing the potassium in your diet can help. But unfortunately, run-of-the-mill sciatic leg pain is pretty much a suck-it-up situation, Prager says. Try physical therapy, massage, gentle leg stretches, exercise (like walking or yoga) and Tylenol.

Leg and Foot Pain During Pregnancy

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As your pregnancy progresses, many body parts begin to ache. Your legs and feet tend to get tired, worn out, and downright achy, and the extra weight of the baby doesn’t help.

Leg cramps often strike in the middle of the night, especially during the second and third trimesters. Although your legs and feet hurt, there are many treatment methods that can help reduce or relieve the pain. But first, what’s causing this pain?

Causes of Leg and Foot Pain

Many of the various causes of your leg or foot pain can be minimized or avoided, especially if you take prevention steps early in your pregnancy.

Controlling things such as poor circulation in your lower extremities can help reduce the amount of pain you feel in your feet and legs during your pregnancy.

Making sure you’re getting enough rest throughout your pregnancy will also help ease the pain, as will selecting exercise routines that are not too strenuous.

Unfortunately, working is a necessity for most moms, sometimes right up until the baby is born. This can mean long hours on your feet and hours of pain.

Other causes of leg and feet pain can include:

  • Swelling leading to excess weight gain from water retention
  • Not enough rest
  • Sciatic nerve pain
  • Poor circulation (regular exercise can be somewhat helpful in alleviating this problem)
  • Varicose veins
  • Leg Cramps
  • Pregnancy-related weight gain, which puts additional stress on leg muscles and bones
  • Swollen feet and ankles
  • Stress

Weight Gain

Weight gain during pregnancy is not only unavoidable, but also necessary for the health of mother and baby alike. Unfortunately, it is also one of the primary causes of pregnancy-related foot pain.

Studies have shown that pregnant women in their second and third trimesters put much more pressure on the forefoot while standing or walking than women who are simply overweight.

Pregnant women are also at increased risk for developing plantar fasciitis, an inflammation of the band of tissue on the bottom of the foot that connects the heel bone to the toes.

If your daily routine requires you to spend a lot of time on your feet, be sure that you get as much rest as possible at every opportunity.

Hormones and Weakened Ligaments

During your pregnancy, your body produces a hormone (progesterone) that loosens your ligaments in order to prepare your body for the demands of childbirth.

These loosened ligaments are more susceptible to injury than they would normally be, especially in your legs and your back, so you will need to be extra careful.

Charley Horses (Leg Cramps)

The causes of these sudden, excruciatingly painful muscle cramps in the legs are not well understood (even the origin of the term charley horse is a mystery). Pregnant women are known to be especially susceptible to leg cramps, but no one knows why.

Doctors suspect the cause may have something to do with dehydration and electrolyte imbalances, and certain medications for diabetes and high blood pressure have been known to act as triggers.

The best guess medical science has to offer is that a variety of unrelated causes can all have the same effect.

Pregnant women may be especially susceptible because their unborn children are leeching calcium from their bodies.

An oral magnesium supplement taken after dinner can often reduce or prevent these nighttime leg cramps. The dose should be about 400 mg to 500 mg of magnesium.

Blood Clots (DVT—this is rare)

If you experience severe pain and swelling in just one leg, but not in the other, contact your doctor immediately.

This is not normal pregnancy leg pain, and it may be a sign of a DVT or deep vein thrombosis, which is a blood clot deep inside the leg. This is a serious, possibly life-threatening situation.

Read more about this possibility here.

Sciatic Nerve Pain

The weight gain that accompanies pregnancy can increase stress on your spine, which may trigger sciatica, a nerve pain that runs down your back and through both legs. This can feel like a shooting or sharp or stabbing pain that is brief.

Trying to shift the baby off the side of the pain by lying down on the good side, or by wearing support belts, can help.

Varicose Veins

Many pregnant women develop a worsening of varicose veins during pregnancy. The tiny red spider veins proliferate, but this is more a cosmetic issue as these do not hurt.

The large glue veins can become more swollen, however, and these can hurt. The legs can feel tired and achy and heavy, especially at the end of the day.

Treatment for Leg or Foot Pain During Pregnancy

A good way to reduce the pain in your legs and feet while you’re pregnant is to drink plenty of fluids and get as much rest as possible. If you have varicose veins causing pain, walking is better than standing.

Support stockings can help, and sometimes prescription compression stockings are needed. To allow lower extremity blood better circulation, avoid wearing clothes that are tight at the waist.

If you must work throughout your pregnancy, try cutting one day per week out of your schedule to focus solely on rest.

Lying down and elevating your legs and feet at least six to twelve inches above your heart for fifteen minutes at a time can help improve circulation. Many pregnant women have to do this as soon as they get home from work.

Monitoring your weight can also help to reduce the stress on your legs and feet. Average weight gain during your pregnancy should be 25-35 pounds.

Anything over that can begin to cause pains in other areas of your body. Icing and rotating your ankles can help to prevent swelling in them if this becomes a significant problem.

Exercise can help to minimize the incidence of leg cramps during pregnancy. If you’re getting leg cramps, try to stretch the affected muscles a few times each day.

The incidence of cramping in calf muscles, for example, can be reduced with this exercise (this is the runner’s stretch):

  • Stand about three feet from a wall
  • Stretch your arms out and lean forward to touch the wall, keeping your feet flat
  • Push a little against the wall with one leg, maintain this pose for five seconds, then try with the other leg
  • Relax and resume your former position
  • Repeat, and perform a few repetitions for a few minutes.
  • Do this exercise three times daily, including once right before bedtime.

    Proper pregnancy nutrition can also go a long way toward minimizing leg and foot pain. Magnesium supplements may also help to minimize leg and foot pain during pregnancy, although you should consult your doctor before beginning to take any type of supplement.

    An even better way to ensure that your body gets the magnesium it needs is to eat foods rich in this mineral, such as nuts, seeds, beans, and dried fruits. All adults should take in 300-400 mg of magnesium each day.

    Magnesium regulates nerve and muscle function, and it helps reduce involuntary stress responses such as muscle spasms. It can also have a mild laxative effect, so be prepared for this as well (often an added bonus for pregnant women).

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    Http://www. thebump. com/a/leg-pain-during-pregnancy

    Http://www. pregnancycorner. com/being-pregnant/pregnancy-pains/leg-and-foot. html

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