Body Changes During Pregnancy
02.10.2016 Andrew Johns 0 Popular
How Your Body Changes in Pregnancy
During pregnancy period there are considerable physiological changes in female organism. They provide proper development of fetus and prepare the organism for the forthcoming childbirth and breast feeding. During this difficult period the load to all bodies and systems of the organism of the woman noticeably increases that may lead to exacerbation of chronic diseases and to development of complications. This is why it is necessary to be registered in an antenatal clinic as soon as possible and to consult with the competent experts as well as to make needed tests. It will allow you to take adequate preventive measures and to be prepared for childbirth.
During pregnancy the cardiovascular system performs more hard work as the additional placental circle of blood circulation appears in the organism. It increases the blood flow so that every minute 500 ml of blood passes through placenta. Heart of the healthy pregnant woman adapts to additional loadings easily by means of increasing mass of a cardiac muscle and extra cardiac output. For providing the increasing needs of fetus with nutrients, oxygen and construction materials, blood volume begins to increase in the mother’s organism, reaching its maximum by 7th month of pregnancy. And now 5300-5500 ml of blood circulates instead of 4000 ml as it previously used to be. In cases with heart diseases this loading can cause development of complications in pregnant women. That is why hospitalization in specialized maternity hospitals is recommended to them.
Arterial pressure at normally proceeding pregnancy doesn't change. Actually, among women who have an increased arterial pressure in early terms of pregnancy, it is usually stabilized by the middle of pregnancy period and is in limits of 100/60-130/85 mm Hg. And the reason is in increased tone of peripheral blood vessels under the influence of progesterone hormone.
However in the last trimester of pregnancy arterial pressure may increase, reaching very high values. High arterial pressure (140/90 mm Hg and above) is one of symptoms of late toxicosis among pregnant women. This state is very dangerous and may demand the emergency delivery.
Lungs activity amplifies due to consequent need of female woman for oxygen during pregnancy. In spite of the fact that in process of pregnancy development the diaphragm rises up and limits the respiratory movements of lungs, their capacity increases. It occurs due to expansion of thorax, and also due to expansion of bronchial tubes. Increase in volume of the inhaled air during pregnancy facilitates removal of the used oxygen by fetus through placenta. Respiration rate doesn't change and makes 16-18 cycles per one minute, slightly increasing by the end of pregnancy period. Therefore at emergence of shortness of breath or other breath dysfunctions the pregnant woman has to see the doctor without fail.
Kidneys function harder during pregnancy as they bring out of the organism activities products of the pregnant woman herself and of her growing fetus. The urinary output may vary according to the volume of the drunk liquid. The healthy pregnant woman puts out 1200-1600 ml of urine per day on average, including 950-1200 ml of urine during daylight hours and other portion at night.
Under the influence of progesterone hormone the tone of bladder decreases that can course urinary retention. In these conditions urinary tract infection may occur more probably, therefore pregnant women quite often have exacerbation of pyelonephritis. If urinalysis shows emergence of leukocytes than it confirms the fact of urinary tract infection.
Besides, the pregnant uterus, slightly turning to the right, can cause difficulty of outflow of urine from the right kidney. In this case the risk of hydronephrosis increases and this would imply the expansion of kidney pelvis owing to excessive accumulation of urine in it.
During the first 3 months of pregnancy changes in digestive organs are observed in many women: there may be nausea and quite often vomiting in the morning (symptoms of early toxicosis), flavoring feelings change, inclination to unusual substances (clay, chalk). As a rule, these phenomena pass by 3-4 month of pregnancy, or sometimes in later terms. Under the influence of hormones of placenta the intestines tone decreases, that often leads to constipation. Intestines are removed by the pregnant uterus, the stomach is also displaced and squeezed, at the same time a part of its contents can penetrate into gullet and cause heartburn (especially in the second half of pregnancy). In such cases ingestion of antacids (for example, Maaloks, Rennie) is recommended, also as taking meals for 2 hours before going to sleep and using a bed with a high head section.
The liver works with more loads during pregnancy because it needs to neutralize activities products of the woman and her fetus.
During pregnancy women may have some looseness in joints. Pelvic joints become especially mobile. This makes pelvis easy to pass through for the fetus at the time of delivery. Sometimes the softening of pelvic joints is so strongly pronounced that a small apostasis of the pubis may be observed. In this case the pregnant woman usually has pain sense in bosom area, and her gait becomes more of a waddle. It is necessary to report about it to the doctor for receiving the relevant recommendations.
During pregnancy mammary glands are prepared for the forthcoming breast feeding. The number of segments of fatty tissue increase in them, and blood supply improves. The Mammary glands enlarge in sizes, nipples commence to swell.
The greatest changes during pregnancy happen in genitals and this is especially true of the uterus. The pregnant uterus constantly becomes bigger and by the end of pregnancy its height size reaches 35 cm instead of 7-8 cm before the pregnancy period, its weight increases till 1000-1200 g (without the fetus) instead of previous 50 – 100 g. The volume of the uterus cavity is widened by the factor of about 500 by the end of pregnancy. Change of the uterus size occurs due to muscle fibers augmentation under the influence of placenta hormones. Blood vessels extend, their quantity increases, and they as though wind around the uterus. Then irregular reductions of the uterus are observed, which become more active by the end of pregnancy and felt as "compression". These so-called Braxton Hicks contractions becoming as normal by 30th week of pregnancy may be considered as some training before the real pains in labor.
Position of the uterus usually changes according to its size. By the end of 3th month of pregnancy period it exceeds the bounds of pelvis and closer to childbirth reaches hypochondrium. The uterus is kept in the proper position by cords which become massively thickened and more stretched during pregnancy. The pains arising in sides of stomach, especially when the pose of the woman’s body is being changed, are often caused by the tension of these cords. Blood supply of genitalia amplifies, and there may appear varicose veins in the vagina and on the vulvar lips (the same varicose veins can also appear on the lower limbs and in the rectum).
Increase in Body Weight
Growth of the fetus and physiological changes in the organism of the pregnant woman influence her body weight. The body weight of the healthy woman increases on average by 12 kg with fluctuations from 8 to 18 kg by the end of pregnancy period. Usually in the first half of pregnancy it increases by 4 kg, and in the second half it is twice more. The weekly increase of the body weight during the first 20 weeks is about 300+30 g, from 21th to 30th weeks it is about 330+40 g and after 30th
Week till the childbirth it is about 340+30 g. The women, who have a body weight deficiency before pregnancy, can get even more weekly weight gain.
30 weeks – this is how many months? 30th week: development of the fetus
Pregnancy is one of the most beautiful and the most difficult periods in the life of any woman. The feeling that the baby is growing and developing inside is unrepeatable. As much as nine months of waiting and longing. Who will be born: a boy or a girl? And what will the child be like? To whom will it look like? How do we call it? In the head of parents in a swift danced round, thousands of questions are circulating, the answers to which are to be received for these unforgettable nine months.
30 weeks is how many months
Here comes the long-awaited third trimester of pregnancy. The thirtieth week of pregnancy is a kind of a border. The main question for all moms is that 30 weeks is how many months. In medicine, it is customary to measure the duration of pregnancy not by months but by weeks. Speaking in the language of gynecologists, the concept of obstetric week is a unit that is convenient to use when calculating the gestational age. For gynecologists, the month consists of exactly four obstetric weeks. The count is from the first day of the last menstruation. The whole cycle of pregnancy is within 40 weeks. Therefore, by simple mathematical calculations, it is possible to answer the question whether 30 weeks is how many months. These are 7 obstetric months and 7.5 calendar days. We can say that a woman in this period goes to a kind of final distance. There are only 10 weeks left, and my mother will finally be able to pin her baby to her breast.
It’s time for maternity leave
At you 30 week of pregnancy, the child has already considerably increased in sizes and continues to grow and develop. Mom is already hard, begins to appear puffiness, back pain, heaviness in the legs. Fatigue from work comes very quickly. There is already a need for more time for rest. Care of the house becomes difficult and more often a woman is forced to seek help from relatives. It is no mere chance that the future mother leaves at the age of 30 weeks. Colleagues must have tortured you with the question about 30 weeks, this is how many months. But now you can give them an intelligible answer.
This week, you and your colleagues are likely to celebrate your maternity leave, because a sick woman leaves a pregnant woman with a gynecologist at 30 weeks. The decree can come earlier for 2 weeks, if pregnancy is prolific. Maternity leave lasts 70 days before delivery and 70 days after.
How the fetus develops in 30 weeks
The fruit at 30 weeks is already able to visually assess the environment. His eyes are already open, the cilia are well developed, and the child can blink. If a ray of light is directed to the mother’s belly and he falls into the baby’s face, the child closes his eyes and turns away.
The brain continues to develop actively. Its area increases, gyruses and furrows appear. But before birth, the child’s activity is controlled by special centers of the spinal cord of the nervous system. Actively to function the brain at the kid will begin from the moment of its occurrence on light.
There is a 30 week gestation, the child has already accumulated a sufficient amount of subcutaneous fat. This reserve stock is necessary for the fetus in case of premature birth.
The child’s lungs continue to develop, the alveoli are in a sleep mode. The pectoral muscles actively train, moving up and down. So they prepare the chest for the respiratory process.
From the body of the baby actively soskushkovayutsya hairs. On the head there is a reverse process: the hair grows and becomes thicker. It often happens that the baby is born to the bald, but this is a variant of the norm.
The child at 30 weeks is still active, but is limited in space. There is not enough room in the uterus. The child’s tremors become more rare, but stronger. Usually, a mother can accurately determine which part of the body her baby is pushing. At this time the child can also hiccup, and the woman feels slight rhythmic tremors.
What to look for the future mother in 30 weeks
The bottom of the uterus rises higher, pushing the diaphragm and internal organs. This leads to the fact that a woman becomes harder to breathe, heartburn occurs.
During this period, the future mother begins to worry about her weight. At 30 weeks, the increase is already very significant. Accumulate fat deposits on the hips, abdomen, hands and other parts of the body. Weight gain acts as an additional burden on the body: there is aching pain in the back, in the feet, there are swelling of the legs. From this period, you need to monitor food more closely. It is necessary to limit or exclude altogether high-calorie and useless food: sweet confectionery, fast food, chocolate bars and other similar food. Also, you need to minimize the use of salt, which leads to fluid retention in the body and causes swelling. A woman needs to eat more seasonal vegetables and fruits, whole grains, protein foods. Continue taking vitamin complexes is also very important.
We support hemoglobin in norm
One of the main points is the maintenance of a normal level of hemoglobin in the blood, which is 120 – 140 mg / l. It is he who delivers the baby oxygen, necessary for breathing. With a decrease in hemoglobin in the blood, we can talk about the development of iron deficiency anemia of one degree or another. This phenomenon is fraught with negative consequences for the baby and mother. The baby can develop hypoxia and lag in development. For a mother, anemia is dangerous due to worsening of the condition, fainting, risk of bleeding. To maintain the required level of hemoglobin, you should eat food of animal origin daily (lean beef, liver, eggs), legumes, cereals, vegetables, fruits and greens. If the degree of anemia is medium or severe, the doctor prescribes the administration of iron preparations in the form of tablets or injections.
We supplement the depot of calcium in the body
Do not forget that the 7th month of pregnancy is characterized by strengthening the bone tissue of the baby. It is very important to receive a daily intake of calcium, along with nutrition and drugs. A variety of sour-milk products are rich in calcium and are setting up the activity of the gastrointestinal tract. Assess the condition of your hair, teeth and nails. Hair loss, dyeing, brittleness and delamination of the nails indicates a calcium deficiency in the body of the mother. His suggestions are worth sharing with a gynecologist, and he will appoint a suitable calcium supplement if necessary.
Hormonal changes in the body of a future mother
It is also worth noting that the 30th week of pregnancy is accompanied by hormonal changes in the body of a woman. Special hormones are produced that reduce the tone of the muscles of the body. Nature conceived such a regulatory mechanism to reduce the tone of the uterus in order to avoid premature birth. But hormones do not act selectively. The tone of the intestines and stomach also decreases, which is expressed in constipation and heartburn. Fractional and frequent meals, healthy food, enriched with vegetable fiber, and compliance with the drinking regime will help to cope with these troubles. Use of laxatives for pregnant women is not recommended in order to avoid provocation of labor. Hormonal restructuring also affects the condition of the oral cavity of the expectant mother. Develops the so-called gingivitis of pregnant women, which is manifested by bleeding gums. After childbirth, this acute condition is normalized. In the meantime, you can rinse your mouth with broths of herbs and always observe the hygiene of the oral cavity.
The mood of the future mother is also controlled by the riot of hormones. Frequent mood changes are a great test for close relatives who must be patient. Stressful situations are very harmful to the body of the mother and child. Therefore, household members should be sympathetic to the emotional outbursts of a pregnant woman and, if possible, soothe her.
Decreased immunity of the expectant mother
Since the beginning of pregnancy, a woman experiences a decrease in the body’s immune forces. The longer the time, the more immunity wanes. The organism of the future mother is harder to cope with the most harmless infections
Many pregnant women note that the 7th month of pregnancy is characterized by secretions from the genital tract. Against the background of a weakened immune response, infectious diseases can develop. Gynecologists assert that ungrowth, clear or slightly white discharge without odor is a variant of the norm. If they have an unpleasant smell, abundant enough, bloody and cause anxiety, you need to see a doctor immediately.
Visit the consultation at 30 weeks. Ultrasound and other studies
This week, it’s time for another visit to the women’s consultation. If you are still concerned about the issue of your term, you can ask a gynecologist about 30 weeks, this is how many months. And get an exhaustive answer. Your term is 7 midwifery months. From this point on, you’ll have to go to counseling more often.
What examinations are waiting for the expectant mother at this stage? Your doctor will measure blood pressure, weight, abdominal circumference, the position of the fetus, the height of the bottom of the uterus, listen to the baby’s heartbeat. From laboratory tests on this term appoint the definition of RW, HIV, a vaginal smear on the microflora. At this time it is very important to measure the antibody titer in the blood in case of a probability of a rhesus-conflict pregnancy. The totality of all indicators determines the condition of the woman and the fetus for a period of 30 weeks.
At this stage, another ultrasound is waiting for the woman. 30 weeks is the time when the child reaches up to 38 cm in length. Also after the measurement you will know exactly its weight. 30 weeks of pregnancy is characterized by the weight of the fetus 1200-1370 g. In the ultrasound, the doctor evaluates the child’s palpitation, its activity, development of internal organs. The placenta condition is assessed: its thickness, degree of maturity, blood flow. Blood supply in the brain vein of the umbilical cord, quantity and quality of amniotic fluid are also considered. The ultrasound picture will show the actual state of the child. In addition, you can perfectly examine facial features and even determine who your baby looks like.
Starting from the 30th week of pregnancy, a woman gets a lot of time for intensive preparation for childbirth. It is necessary to maintain minimal physical activity, continue to train breathing and muscles for the forthcoming birth. It’s time to think about what kind of medical institution the birth will take place, and how the delivery will take place. Now the exchange card is the woman’s true companion in any hike. Without this document, the doctor in the maternity hospital will be difficult to assess the true state of things and formalize the arrival of the mother in a medical institution.
Ahead weeks are difficult. A woman is hard physically and emotionally. Many have fear of childbirth, anxiety and fear. Remember, worrying is bad for you and the baby. We need to think only of the good and adjust ourselves to the successful outcome of the matter. Positive emotional mood and breathing exercises will help to endure all difficulties.
Weight Gain in 30th Week of Pregnancy
The amount of weight gained during pregnancy differs from one woman to another. There are several factors that affect 30 weeks pregnant weight gain. During pregnancy, it is absolutely essential for a woman to eat enough, as her baby's growth and development depend on it. Hence, it is important for all women to gain the right amount of weight during pregnancy. However, women no longer believe in the concept of "eating for two", as they have now realized that gaining an excess amount of weight can also be harmful for the pregnancy.
All reports on being 30 weeks pregnant and weight gain urge women to increase the quantity of the food they consume by a sensible margin. Health experts generally state that at 30 weeks pregnant weight gain should not exceed one pound per week (for singleton babies). Women should strive to gain no more and no less than the average weight gain at 30 weeks pregnant.
Unfortunately, there are many women who are not very happy with their 30 weeks pregnant weight gain. One of the reasons for that could be the fact that they find it difficult to move around comfortably at this time, especially if they gain more than what they should. In general, the 30 weeks pregnant weight gain for an average sized woman is around 11 pounds or so. Babies tend to gain around 37 ounces (60 grams) during this time of the pregnancy. It is not uncommon for women to gain a little more or less than what the ideal weight is regarded as; however, it is important for women to ensure that they gain weight in the right way, i. e., by eating the right kind of food. This is why fried food, junk food, processed food and sweets should be consumed only on rare occasions. The foods that should contribute towards 30 weeks pregnant weight gain include fresh fruit, vegetables, nuts, cereals, whole grains, lean meat and dairy products. It is essential for pregnant women to get an adequate intake of vitamins, minerals, protein, calcium, iron and all other nutrients.
There are several resources on the internet that offer online pregnancy weight gain calculation tools, including a 30 weeks pregnant weight gain calculator. These calculators are very useful as they help a woman understand what her current weight is and what her ideal weight should be. In case a woman seems to be gaining more weight than is normal, it could be an indication of gestational diabetes, which should be monitored by a doctor carefully. At the same time, it is essential for medical practitioners to check and monitor all instances of women who are 30 weeks pregnant and not gaining weight.
Pregnancy Week 30
30 Weeks Pregnant: The 30th Week Of Pregnancy
There are only 10 more weeks until your baby arrives. Until then you can expect some of the following to occur.
Pregnancy Week 30: What changes are occurring with your body?
You may begin noticing that you become tired more easily during this last part of pregnancy. This may be especially true if you are having difficulty sleeping at night. Some women are able to experiment with different sleeping positions to help them sleep more soundly. If you are suffering from insomnia, and it is becoming increasingly worse, you may want to consult with your healthcare provider. During the third trimester, you may also experience mood swings. Some of you may have experienced this earlier in pregnancy as well.
Additionally, your body is producing a number hormones that can cause your joints to become looser. This may result in your feet actually getting larger. Some women report that their feet grow one shoe size during their pregnancy. This is normally a permanent change.
Pregnancy Week 30: How big is your baby?
Your baby has now grown to be about 15.15 inches (38.5 cm) long (CHL) and weighs about 3 pounds (1.4 kg).
What is happening with your baby?
As your baby continues to grow, she will take up a larger portion of your uterus. You may not feel that your body does not have room for your growing baby, but it will compensate by allowing your uterus to extend underneath your rib cage.
Your baby’s eyes are becoming more mature, and your baby can now tell the difference between light and dark. Babies at 30 weeks can even follow a light source with their eyes. After birth, babies spend a great deal of time with their eyes closed. This is completely normal. Newborns only have the ability to focus on objects a few inches from their faces. While “normal” adult vision is 20/20, a newborn’s vision is 20/400.
Pregnancy Week 30: What should you plan for this week?
You have approximately 10 weeks left in your pregnancy. Now is the time to begin thinking about the different kinds of pain relief options that will be available to you when you deliver. Not only should you talk to your health care provider about the different options, but also research the different techniques so you can make an informed decision.
The following briefly describe some of the available options:
- Natural childbirth– includes the Alexander Technique, the Bradley Method, hypnosis, Lamaze, and water birth.
- Local anesthesia – includes pudendal block, spinal block, and epidural.
- General anesthesia – not commonly used during labor and delivery due to a complete loss of sensation and consciousness.
- Narcotics – commonly used in labor for women who are looking for a less invasive form of pain relief. The goal of narcotics is to reduce anxiety and help a woman cope with contractions.
- Patterned Breathing – refers to the various types of breathing at specific rates and depths to allow the woman to become more calm and relaxed.
- Relaxation Techniques for Labor – used in addition to any of the above interventions to incorporate all the senses.
Pregnancy Week 30: Tips for making your pregnancy better
Many women during this stage of pregnancy report an increasing number of backaches. This is related to weight gain and the baby’s growth. If you are experiencing back pain, you may want to evaluate your posture. Proper posture can alleviate the back pain you are experiencing. It may take some effort to change poor posture habits, but it will be worth it to reduce your back pain.
Tips for mom’s partner:
Your partner has been able to feel the baby move for quite some time by now. At 30 weeks you should also be able to feel the baby move. Take some time to rest your hand on her stomach to feel the baby move. Sharing these moments together will not only help you bond with your baby, but it will also allow you to spend some special time with your partner.
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